Electronics are convenient BUT NEVER rely on them 100%

Mobile phones and Navionics are not always in range, batteries die, on board electronics fail. ALWAYS have paper charts as a back up and learn how to use them!

The Compass

Understand the Compass

Latitude & Longitude

Understanding Latitude & Longitude

Grid Lines on a Nautical Chart

Understanding Grid `lines on a Paper Chart

Tools for Paper Chart Navigation

Paper Chart Navigation Equipment

Position by Dead Reconing

Plot your Position by Dead Reconing (DR) & Estimated Position (EP)

Calculate your Course to Steer

Plotting your Course to Steer (CTS)